• ADHD books published by NorthEast Books & Publishing, by Association for Youth, Children and Natural Psychology
  • ADHD books published by NorthEast Books & Publishing, by Association for Youth, Children and Natural Psychology

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The Association for Youth, Children and Natural Psychology operates as a 501 c(3) non-profit, and is a New Jersey non-profit corporation.


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By reading this site, the reader acknowledges their personal responsibility in choices for mental health for themselves and their children, and agrees that the AYCNP or anyone associated with this site, bears no responsibility for one's personal decisions in choices for mental health. Anyone coming off medication should do so gradually rather than abruptly, and under a doctor's supervision. Anyone experiencing thoughts of suicide should seek support.

The Teen Health Book: A Parents' Guide to Adolescent Health and Well-Being, by Ralph Lopez

A good general guide directed to parents for raising teenagers. Help on topics of teen nutrition, health and psychology.

Sells like Teen Spirit: Music, Youth Culture, and Social Crisis by Ryan Moore

"Moore...situates the histories of several musical styles within the political, economic, and social changes that lead to the development of an assortment of rock subgenres. Moore's engaging book is for scholars of youth culture, pop culture, and any who are interested in music history." - Douglas N. Evans, Journal of Youth and Adolescence

Page updated: November 23, 2012

Time Listening to Popular Music Correlated with Major Depression - Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) - in Adolescents

Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh concluded that there is a correlation between Major Depression and the amount of time an adolescent spends with popular music. Conversely, Major Depression is negatively, or reversely correlated with reading print media such as books.

Too much time with music, as well as the type or intensity, can affect the mood of adolescents and contribute to depression.

The amount of time teenagers (and children) spend listening to music is positively correlated with major depression. Photo: Svenska Cellulosa Aktiebolaget

The study, published in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, April, 2011, examined data collected through telephone interviews. During an eight-week period involving one-hundred six adolescents. The study was part of a larger neurobehavioral study of depression that was conducted between 2003 and 2008.

All green links on this page are off-site links from sponsors and funds are used to support the non-profit activities of the AYCNP

For each increasing quartile of audio/music use, there was an 80% increase in the odds of having Major Depression (MDD). For time spent reading, there was a 50% decrease in the odds of having MDD.

The study does not necessarily conclude a direct cause and effect relationship, although that might be one valid conclusion. Rather, there might be other correlational factors to consider in evaluating this evidence. Perhaps those who are more inclined towards music are also more inclined towards major depression. Perhaps those with major depression seek solace and solitude in music.

In any case, there seems to be strong evidence that for adolescents, there is a correlation between time spent listening to popular music and depression. This can provide encouragement for parents, educators and mental health professionals to help children and adolescents spend less time listening to popular music and more time reading.

Reference for Major Depression, Popular Music Link page

Using Ecological Momentary Assessment to Determine Media Use by Individuals With and Without Major Depressive Disorder. Brian A. Primack, MD, EdM, MS; Jennifer S. Silk, PhD; Christian R. DeLozier, BS; William G. Shadel, PhD; Francesca R. Dillman Carpentier, PhD; Ronald E. Dahl, MD;Galen E. Switzer, PhD. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2011;165(4):360-365.

Pages Related to Music Psychology

Adolescent Psychology

Music and Bipolar Disorder

Music Therapy

Music Psychology

Music History - The History and Psychology of Rock and Roll - and Jazz

Teen Depression and Music - Pop music and teen depression link - Based on clinical study

The Psychology of Miley Cyrus/Hannah Montana and pop-music for girls

Misogyny in Commercial/Pop and Rap Music

The gift of music

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